spykman rimland theory

Developed by Nicholas Spykman in 1942, it counters a theory by Sir Halford Mackinder that states that control of Eurasia belongs to the powers in center of the continent. The aim of this short paper has been to stimulate a fresh reading of Spykman’s early writings on geopolitics, and especially of his 1938-1939 articles. According to Spykman, Rimland is more important than heartland in order to control the power of Eurasia continents. Rimland is a strip of coastal land around Eurasia. Since geopolitics has been rediscovered in the West in the 1970s, Nicholas J. Spykman has been almost always identified as the author of the "Rimland thesis". This theory, called the Rimland Theory, argued that RIMLAND THEORY • In 1942 • ByDutch-AmericanPolitical Geographer Nicholas Spykman He criticized Mackinder for overrating the Heartland as being of immense strategic importance due to its vast size, central geographical location and supremacy of land power rather than sea power. Spykman, writing in 1942-43, assumed that the natural post-World War II security alignment would be that of Britain (with its global empire along the Rimland), the Soviet Union, and the United States, all of which shared the desire to suppress the revival of a German or Japanese threat to the balance of power. His intellectual relationship with Mackinder, Mahan, and German Geopolitiker is a fascinating and complex one, as it is his cultural f… Spykman’s conception of the Rimland bears greater resemblance to Alfred Thayer Mahan ‘s “debated and debatable zone” than to Mackinder’s inner or marginal crescent.

Spykman thought that the Rimland, the strip of coastal land that encircles Eurasia, is more important than the central Asian zone (the so-called Heartland) for the control of the Eurasian continent. He suggested that there are two Rimland theory is an antithesis to the heartland theory. Spykman published America’s Strategy in World Politics, in which he set forth a theory that combined those of Mackinder and leading naval theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan. Maikinder was quick to revise his Heartland theory. Rimland, the coastal zones – was the product of its inner development impetus rather than the result of external pressure coming from the “nomads of the Land,” as Mackinder had asserted. He described the maritime fringe of a country or continent; in particular the densely populated western, southern, and eastern edges of the Eurasian continent. The Rimland is a concept championed by Nicholas John Spykman, professor of international relations at Yale University.To him geopolitics is the planning of the security policy of a country in terms of its geographical factors. American geopolitician Admirai Mahan, was a theory of positional su, premacy. Spykman ’ s legacy, it is perhaps surprising that rimland theory was not discussed or dissected at any great length in many of the reviews after the … However, his contribution to geopolitical analysis has certainly not been limited to that. In 1942, geostrategist Nicholas J. Spykman (1893-1943) published America's Strategy in World Politics, in which he set forth a theory that combined those of Mackinder and leading naval theorist Alfred Thayer Mahan. The Rimland Theory states that the control of Eurasia belongs the countries and territories located around the fringe of the continent. Spykman was convinced that the Heartland was nothing more than a geographic expanse open to cultural and civilizational impulses coming from the Rimland. It includes the UK, western Europe, West Asia, Indian subcontinents, Southeast Asia, Japan, and Eastern China. Since geopolitics has been rediscovered in the West in the 1970s, Spykman has been almost always identified as the author of the “Rimland thesis”. the other hand, “heartland” and “rimland… However, his contribution to geopolitical analysis has certainly not been limited

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