scipio aemilianus

Though politically opposed to the Gracchi, he cannot be said to have been a foe to the interests of the people. 253-256, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with no article parameter, Articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/529059/Scipio-Africanus-the-Younger, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Scipio_Aemilianus?oldid=2678769. While there he witnessed a great but indecisive battle between Masinissa and the Carthaginians; the latter then asked him to arrange a settlement, but, in the event, negotiations broke down. No doubt Scipio was oppressed by the thought of the responsibility that he would have on becoming the head of the great house of the Scipios (it is uncertain when his adoptive father, Publius Scipio, died) as well as in representing the Aemilii. A series of disasters to Roman armies in Spain resulted in such reluctance to undertake military service in the peninsula that, in a dispute over the levy, the consuls who were responsible for it were even temporarily imprisoned by the tribunes who opposed the levy.

The two consuls besieged Carthage by land and sea, but later in the year, after one had returned to Rome, the Carthaginians launched a night attack upon the camp of the isolated Manilius, a situation that was retrieved only by the skill of Scipio. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus (185–129 BC), also known as Scipio Aemilianus or Scipio Africanus the Younger or Scipio Africanus-minor , was a leading general and politician of the ancient Roman Republic. Professor of Ancient History, King's College, University of London, 1959–70. He did not avail himself of the many opportunities he must have had of amassing a fortune. In 150 war with Carthage was in the air. Omissions? He was a man of culture and refinement; he gathered round him such men as the Greek historian Polybius, the Stoic philosopher Panaetius, and the poets Lucilius and Terence—a group that came to be known as the Scipionic circle. Scipio, when he looked upon the city as it was utterly perishing and in the last throes of its complete destruction, is said to have shed tears and wept openly for his enemies.

Thus a great blot on Rome’s good name was at length partially removed. This gave dire offence to the popular party, which was now led by his bitterest foes. This book provides an assessment of Scipio Aemilianus as a political figure, in terms both of contemporary politics and of the general political development of the Roman Republic.

Under Polybius’ guidance, he was determined to prove a worthy representative and to pursue the normal aims of a Roman noble: honour, glory, and military success. Of the former, he tells how Scipio sought to excel all his contemporaries in his reputation for temperance at a time when morals were generally declining and young men were becoming increasingly corrupt, partly because they had “caught the dissoluteness of Greek customs” and partly because of the great influx of public and private wealth as a result of the Macedonian War; “in about five years Scipio secured a general recognition of his character for goodness and purity” and generosity. In 151 BC, with the Romans suffering repeated disasters in Spain, he volunteered his services in that theatre and gained influence over the native tribes similar to that which Scipio Africanus, his grandfather by adoption, had acquired nearly 60 years before. [2] The mystery of his death was never solved.[2]. He acquired the (unofficial) name Numantinus for his reduction of Spanish Numantia (133 bc). Ward, Allen M., Heichelheim, Fritz M., and Yeo, Cedric A.. (c.185–129 BC), Roman general and politician; full name Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Minor, adoptive grandson of Scipio Africanus. During the winter Scipio again displayed conspicuous ability when Manilius led two unsuccessful expeditions against the Carthaginian forces in the interior. He soon became an advocate of the Italians who disapproved of some aspects of the Lex Sempronia Agraria, fearing that their land would be confiscated. After a year of desperate fighting and stubborn heroism on the part of the defenders, he took the city of Carthage, taking prisoner about 50,000 survivors (about one tenth of the city's population.) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cato the Elder ended every speech, "Also, I think Carthage must be destroyed." https://www.britannica.com/biography/Scipio-Africanus-the-Younger, Academia - Biography of Scipio Aemilianus, HistoryNet - Biography of Scipio Africanus. After devoting several months to restoring the discipline of his troops, he reduced the city by blockade. They had been held in Italy since the end of the Third Macedonian War (171–168). Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Scipio Aemilianus by A. E. Astin (2002, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay!

He was, in fact, a moderate man, in favor of conciliation, and he was felt by the best men to be a safe political adviser, but as often happens to moderate men in radical times he ended disliked by both parties. Polybius actually heard him and recalls it in his history. Scipio Aemilianus will forever be associated with the destruction of Carthage.

Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? He, therefore, was the nephew of Publius Cornelius Scipio's wife, Aemilia Tertia - as Aemilia … Scipio Africanus the Younger, also called Scipio Aemilianus, Latin Scipio Africanus Minor, in full Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus (Numantinus), (born 185/184 bc —died 129 bc, Rome), Roman general famed both for his exploits during the Third Punic War (149–146 bc) and for his subjugation of Spain (134–133 bc). In the early operations of the war, which went altogether unfavourably for the Romans, Scipio Aemilianus, though a subordinate officer, distinguished himself repeatedly, and in 147 BC he was elected consul, while still under the minimal age required by law to hold this office. According to Polybius, he declared after issuing the order: "It is a grand thing; but I shudder to think that one day someone may give the same order for Rome." Author of. brought up his sons in accordance with the traditional native type of education, as he himself had been brought up, but also, and more keenly, on the Greek pattern. In 142 BC, during his censorship, he endeavoured to check the growing luxury and immorality of the period.

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